Rebuilding for a better urban future

The official blog of UN-Habitat's response to Typhoon Haiyan


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Philippine Bamboo Tapped for Innovative Resilient Housing

A warehouse for prefabricating bamboo wall panels. All photos

A warehouse for prefabricating bamboo wall panels. Photos by Tomoko Matsushita.

Four representatives from Samahang Urban ng Maralitang Mamamayan (SUMAMA, Local Association of Urban Poor Communities) – Home Owners Association Inc. (HOAI) in Estancia travelled to Iloilo City with the UN-Habitat team on 10 July to see a model typhoon-resistant shelter built from bamboo.

The Hilti Foundation, a European charitable foundation specializing in housing, has been studying and testing the bamboo design since 2012. UN-Habitat will be working in partnership with the Hilti Foundation in Estancia to provide single-story houses built with a bamboo truss roof and reinforced bamboo wall panels covered with cement plaster.

After visiting the bamboo model house and a brief introduction of the Hilti Foundation and its local counterpart, the Homeless People’s Federation of the Philippines, the SUMAMA HOAI group toured the on-site workshop and warehouse where workers were assembling reinforced bamboo panels in various configurations for walls with windows or doors.

Two-story model of bamboo house by Hilti Foundation in Iloilo.

Two-story model of bamboo house by Hilti Foundation in Iloilo

Interior view of hefty bamboo roof truss

Interior view of hefty bamboo roof truss


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On-site Assessments in Capiz for Potential Shelter Project Beneficiaries

Rogie Alcazaren and family and the remnants of their home—in which they still reside.

Rogie Alcazaren and family and the remnants of their home—in which they still reside.

On 20 and 23 June, technical assessments were conducted in Belle Village HOAI (Home Owners’ Association Inc.) community in the municipality of Pontevedra, Capiz.  Ninety-five households submitted applications for  reconstruction assistance.  UN-Habitat technical team visited each household to assess the extent of the damage, to check lot boundaries, and to interview the applicants about their current living conditions. While some applicants temporarily live with relatives outside the community, many continue to live in their damaged homes after having done some repairs themselves with salvaged materials. Many of these  repaired houses had not been built back safer and were found to be unsafe and unlikely to withstand future typhoons. In the case of Rogie Alcazaren in Belle Village III, his house was heavily damaged. Despite that, his family (with seven children) had no other option but to continue residing under their now slanted roof and whatever else was left of their house.

Unable to remove the coconut tree trunk that struck their house during Typhoon Haiyan, a doughnut seller and his son continue to live in perilous conditions and are potential project beneficiaries.

Unable to remove the coconut tree trunk that struck their house during Typhoon Haiyan, a doughnut seller and his son continue to live in perilous conditions and are potential project beneficiaries.

Ms. Alcazaren in a makeshift kitchen with a half-exposed wall on one side and a slanted roof overhead.

Ms. Alcazaren in a makeshift kitchen with a half-exposed wall on one side and a slanted roof overhead.

In Belle Village II, due to its low-lying location and lack of proper community infrastructure, footpaths to the houses are swampy, substantially compromising mobility for people. Improvement of community infrastructure such as drainages and paving the common foot path were identified as urgent issues.

Swampy footpaths  in Belle Village II, Pontevedra, compromise the mobility of people and the expedient delivery of goods and services. Photo by Edver Francisco.

Swampy footpaths in Belle Village II, Pontevedra, compromise the mobility of people and the expedient delivery of goods and services. Photo by Edver Francisco.

So far, out of 2,430 families in 20 HOAI communities from 10 Barangays in Capiz and Iloilo Provinces, 331 families have submitted their applications to UN-Habitat and initial technical assessment and verification of potential beneficiaries were completed at 240 sites. Work is ongoing, and follow-up visits are required to help the HOAIs prepare their final list of qualified beneficiaries.


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Shelter Assessment Begins in Iloilo and Capiz

UN-Habitat technical team inspecting existing house and site conditions in Pontevedra, Capiz. Photo by Beryl Jane Dela Cruz.

UN-Habitat technical team inspecting existing house and site conditions in Pontevedra, Capiz. Photos by Beryl Jane Dela Cruz.

Since 18 June, UN-Habitat has been conducting technical surveys in potential beneficiary communities of the Post-Yolanda Support for Safer Homes and Settlements Project across Western Visayas.

The team of shelter experts, architects, and community mobilizers visited residential lots acquired under the Community Mortgage Program to inspect the current conditions of the damaged houses, gather information on land tenure, and assess the state of sanitation. The assessment uses  a tool kit detailing the damage and reconstruction requirements of each house.

UN-Habitat technical team verifying the location of the houses on the map with community members. Photo by Beryl Jane Dela Cruz.

UN-Habitat technical team verifying the location of the houses on the map with community members. Photo by Beryl Jane Dela Cruz.

To further determine a beneficiary’s eligibility, UN-Habitat evaluated each household’s capacity to recover from typhoon impacts. UN-Habitat closely collaborated with leaders and members of home owners’ associations in validating data gathered from the household profiling done in April 2014.

Funded by the Government of Japan, the shelter project is also a partnership with the Social Housing Finance Corporation (SHFC) and the Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC).


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UN-Habitat and partners support post-disaster recovery efforts in Ormoc

Ormoc, a first class and independent component city in the Province of Leyte, was hit by the Typhoon Haiyan last year causing widespread wind-induced damages including 26,549 partially damaged and 14,132 totally damaged houses.  This accounted for 3% of the total of damaged houses at the national level.

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UN-Habitat has partnered with the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF), and the City Government of Ormoc to implement the project on “Strengthening Resiliency and Safety in Urban Informal Settlements in three Metro Manila Cities, and their partner Local Government Units in the Visayas”. The project will be implemented through a twinning arrangement, supporting a total six local government units in Metro Manila and Eastern Visayas. The cities from Metro Manila include the highly urbanized cities of Pasay, Mandaluyong and Quezon City, while the cities from Eastern Visayas include the three humanitarian hubs for the Haiyan response namely the Municipality of Guiuan, Ormoc City, and Tacloban City.

The project aims to reduce violence, increase safety and resilience, and improve the quality of life of urban communities in Ormoc. UN-Habitat is supporting the city in conducting a baseline survey and mapping of informal settlement families (ISF) and in conducting awareness-raising on ISF rights and access to basic services, among others.   The City Planning and Development Office, Barangay Affairs Office, and the City Social Work and Development Office are directly involved in project implementation.

 


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UN-Habitat works on shelter design with partners in Roxas

UN-Habitat with partners sharing knowledge on bamboo construction

 

UN-Habitat and the United Architects of the Philippines (UAP) Capiz chapter have been working together to develop a standard design for shelter that will be adopted in the community driven shelter recovery.

UN-Habitat initiated a number of meetings with UAP and the Hilti Foundation, where both organizations shared their knowledge on local construction practices.

The Hilti Foundation introduced their experiences on designing and implementing bamboo shelters in the Philippines, and helped initial shelter designs to be improved.

UN-Habitat is anticipating further discussions aimed at harmonizing different technical inputs into the final shelter design.


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IN THE NEWS: Tacloban’s rehabilitation and recovery plan “Investing in people”

IMG_8406Laids Cea, UN-Habitat’s regional coordinator of the Cities and Climate Change Initiative, recently met with a group of journalists to discuss Tacloban’s rehabilitation and recovery plan and its push to develop a “resilient, vibrant, and livable” Tacloban.

See the full article on the Manila Standard Today: Tacloban P3-b plan: Investing in people


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INFOGRAPHIC: Six months after Typhoon Haiyan

The Philippines Shelter Cluster launched an infographic breaking down past progress and existing needs six months after Typhoon Haiyan.

Shelter_Cluster_Haiyan_Infographic 6 months FINAL

View the full size here